Geography Curriculum

We aim to deliver Geography in a variety of ways including through cross curricular themes and as a discrete subject.

During their time at school the children will study the geographical features of their immediate surroundings and other localities in the wider world. In so doing, we aim to increase each child’s awareness and understanding of the world in which they live. Pupils will develop locational and place knowledge, human and physical geographical knowledge, geographical and fieldwork skills.


Please click here for an overview of the units.

Geography Yearly Overview

St Patrick’s Geography Progression


Please click the link below to see the National Curriculum for Geography.

Geography National Curriculum


Curriculum Intent

We aim to inspire in children a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people which will remain with them for the rest of their lives. We want children to enjoy learning about geography and develop their interest and understanding of diverse places, people, resources, and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.

Our Geography curriculum builds on children’s prior learning and develops their knowledge of the world around them so that they know more, remember more, and understand more.

Learning about Geography enables children to develop knowledge and skills that are transferable to other curriculum areas and which can and are used to promote their spiritual, moral, social, and cultural development.



As a school within Bishop Hogarth Catholic Education Trust, we teach a scheme of work designed by a transition team of our primary school staff working with subject specialists from our secondary schools. This means our curriculum has been designed to ensure clear progression, in the acquisition of knowledge and for key skills, building on pupil’s prior learning. We teach termly, discreet topics for all pupils from Year 1 to Year 6.

The curriculum units of work have clearly identified minimum knowledge ‘end points,’ and have been sequenced to ensure that pupils know more and remember more as they move through primary school and transfer into KS3.


Our curriculum covers the National Curriculum and is underpinned by the building blocks of Geography (Threshold Concepts) which are emphasised and reinforced in the geography curriculum across our Trust schools from KS1 to KS5.

1. Location and Place Knowledge

2. Geographical techniques and terms.

3. Physical features and processes.

4. Human interaction with the environment.


Each unit of work has a clear rationale, key topic vocabulary, builds on pupil’s prior learning and defines the minimum knowledge and skills (end points) that pupils will learn. Assessment strands in topics give pupils the opportunity to demonstrate their learning and the knowledge companions that we call ‘Learn it! Link It! help pupils to remember the key elements of the topic. This helps pupil organise their learning into relevant areas and make links to other areas and subjects. Conceptual (Golden) threads of Geography such as cause, effect response and the ‘Geotrio’ of social, economic, and environmental factors, are woven through our curriculum to ensure consistency, add focus and promote purposeful learning.

Topics and units lay out sequential components of learning which equates to 8-10 hours of teaching.


Key Stage 1

Topics include:

· The local area: where I live.

· Weather patterns

· A contrasting locality: Antarctica

· A contrasting locality: Brazil



Key Stage 2

Topics include:

· Angry Earth: Volcanoes

· Angry Earth: Earthquakes

· Biomes: Tropical Rainforest

· Biomes: Deserts

· Swimming in Plastic

· Seaside Rocks/Coastal Erosion

· Journey of the River

· Angry Earth: Japanese Tsunami of 2011

· Climate Change is Real

· Migration

· Country study: North America

· Natural Resources/European comparison

· Settlements


Local Context of School

St Patricks RC Primary, Lingfield Road

Town in the North-East of England.

Train station with links to Edinburgh to London, Railway heritage. Close to A1 motorway.

Two rivers: River Skerne and River Tees (pumping station). River Skerne joins the River Tees and flows through Teesside and joins the North Sea.

Borders with North Yorkshire and is part of County Durham.


Curriculum Sequence

We have chosen to sequence the curriculum over a two-year rolling cycle,


  Year A 2021-22 Year B 2022-23
  Autumn Spring Summer Autumn Spring Summer
Key Stage 1

Year 1 and 2

Where I Live Handa’s surprise


Brazil Tour of Britain and Beyond Seasons and Weather Whitby including contrasting locality for Y2
Lower KS2

Year 3 and 4


Earthquakes Swimming in plastic Biomes- Tropical rainforests Volcanoes Map Skills Rivers Local study
Upper KS 2

Year 5 and 6


Climate change is Real Migration Biomes-Hot Deserts Tsunami North America Our Local area



Each topic includes a knowledge retention/recap element so that we build on prior learning. Pupils take an assessed task in each unit which draws on their learning and vocabulary.



When pupils leave our school, pupil will know more, remember more, and understand more about Geography. They will have developed the geographical knowledge and skills to help them explore, navigate, and understand the world around them and their place in it.